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Uremia Can Be Fatal, Understand the Symptoms and Treatment

Uremia is a syndrome or collection of symptoms of serious complications from chronic kidney disease and kidney failure. This condition occurs when urea levels in the body are very high so that it can be toxic to the body. Uremia occurs because the kidneys cannot function properly. The kidneys can no longer filter metabolic waste or body waste that should be excreted in the urine, so that the waste remains in the blood. Uremia can be fatal and life threatening.

Recognize the Symptoms

Especially for those of you who experience kidney disease, both of which occur in a chronic (prolonged) or acute (rapid) process, you should be aware if you experience uremia symptoms such as:
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of appetite or weight loss
  • Having cramps in the legs
  • Difficult to concentrate
  • Headache
  • Experiencing extreme fatigue (fatigue)
  • Bleeding is not normal
  • Hard to breathe
  • Changes in mental conditions, such as confusion, anxiety, decreased consciousness.
If these symptoms occur, you should immediately consult a doctor to immediately get the right treatment.

How to Treat Uremia

Treatment of uremia is through dialysis or dialysis. Usually, the doctor will recommend dialysis to remove metabolic waste and poisons from the bloodstream. This action is done to relieve symptoms arising from uremia. Dialysis is divided into two parts, namely hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis, which can be performed until the normal kidney function has been successfully restored.
  • Hemodialysis

  • The process of hemodialysis dialysis is carried out using two tubes separated by a filter machine. Blood will flow from the body through the first tube to the filter machine. After filtering, blood is flowed back into the body through a second tube. The process of hemodialysis takes at least about 4 hours and can only be done in a hospital. Some side effects that may be felt by the patient are itchy skin and cramps in the muscles.
  • Peritoneal dialysis

  • In medical peritoneal dialysis, the process of washing the blood is done using a permanent catheter in the abdominal cavity, so it does not require a filter. This action can be done at home, and needs to be done routinely. Takes 30-40 minutes, peritoneal dialysis is recommended to be done four times a day.
Other treatments that can be given to patients with uremia other than dialysis are kidney transplants or kidney transplants. This treatment is the last step that can be done for patients with kidney failure who experience uremia. Healthy kidneys from donors will replace kidney patients who have been damaged. Before the kidney operation, the doctor will match the donor's kidney with the patient's body.

Efforts to Prevent Uremia

Uremia is a condition that can interfere with overall body function, and is closely related to kidney conditions. So the way to prevent uremia is to prevent kidney disease early. This can be done by stopping smoking, maintaining and controlling blood pressure and blood sugar levels properly, maintaining healthy heart and blood vessels, eating healthy food, meeting fluid needs, avoiding alcoholic drinks and regular exercise. For those of you who have been affected by kidney disease and kidney failure, to avoid the occurrence of uremia, it is advisable to eat low-salt foods, and maintain a healthy lifestyle, and undergo treatment as directed by your doctor. Including undergoing routine dialysis if indeed the kidney damage experienced is severe enough. Consult your doctor further about the lifestyle that must be followed to avoid the occurrence of uremia.

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